Having diabetes puts one at greater risk of developing foot problems, such as foot ulcer and infections and at the worst could lead to amputation.
Raised blood glucose (blood sugar) can damage the nerves/sensation in one’s feet. It can also affect the blood flow or circulation to the legs and feet. Without good blood supply to the feet, people may have trouble healing cuts and wounds.
The following signs and symptoms can be indications of foot issues:
- Burning pain in legs or feet
- Numbness, tingling, pins and needles sensation in feet
- Cramping in calf muscles when walking or resting
- Swollen feet
- Shinny, smooth skin on legs or feet
- Corns or Callus
- Foot deformities like bunions, hammer toes, Charcot foot
The following signs are can be indications of serious foot issues that would require attention from a foot specialist/Chiropodist or emergency:
- Non-healing wounds on feet
- Cold or hot feet
- Cuts or blisters that you can see but not feel
- Major changes in foot shape
- Malodour coming from a wound on the foot
- Red, hot or swollen foot
Most foot problems can be prevented by at checking your feet daily, having regular foot care and regular diabetic foot assessments. Leaving issues untreated or unseen could lead to foot ulcers, infections, or worse lead to amputation.
If you are diabetic it is recommended that you see a Chiropodist at a minimum of once a year for check-up.