The Difference Between a Callus and a Corn
First off, you should understand the difference between a callus and a corn. They are similar conditions, as they are both the result of thickening skin but can be ease to confuse one another.
Corns are typically smaller than calluses. They consist of a hard area surrounded by thickened skin. They can develop almost anywhere on the foot, even between toes. When you press on them, corns are typically painful.
Calluses cover a larger more diffuse area of the foot and spread over a wider area, therefore they primarily appear on the bottom of the feet around the heels or ball of the foot.
Types of Corns
There are three different types of corns.
– A hard corn has a core and is surrounded by thick layers of dead skin.
– Soft corns almost always appear between the toes and are much softer.
– Seed corns are much smaller corns.
Generally all three types of corns can cause some form of pain or discomfort.
Causes of corns
Pressure is the main culprit that causes foot corns. This means that wearing shoes that are too tight, wearing shoes without socks, or standing and walking for long periods of time can all contribute to their development.
High heels, and the awkward pressure they put on the foot are a big culprit, making it more common to women.
Like corns, callus form due to areas of the foot that might experience increased pressure or shearing forces which cause hard and thickened of the skin on the balls of the foot or around the heels.
Treatment for corns and callus
Corns and calluses are easy for your Chiropodist to remove. At home, you might be able to file the the skin away with an emery board or pumice stone. Keeping your skin soften or moisturized by using foot creams can improve build up and discomfort caused by corns or callus. Some people require regular visits to their Chiropodist for maintenance, others do well with off loading. Ask you Chiropodist which is best for you.