Arthritis of the Foot

Are you experiencing pain in your feet? Does this discomfort result after rest? You may be suffering from arthritis of the foot. This is a condition that can manifest in many ways and it is important to seek treatment to relieve symptoms.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a condition caused by degeneration and sometimes inflammation of a joint. Indeed, with around 33 joints in the foot, this can mean that you can develop arthritis at any age. In particular, the joints in the ankle, midfoot and big toe are the most common for arthritis to begin.

Are there Different Types of Arthritis?

There are several different types of arthritis that can affect your feet. It is essential that you are aware of them, as this can dictate the best treatment.


The most common type of arthritis in the foot is osteoarthritis. This can be referred to as wear-and-tear arthritis. It is a condition that can start when you are a young adult, with joint cartilage breaking down over time. The space that is between the bones in your feet will gradually decrease and the bones will start to rub together. This can be uncomfortable and create bone spurs. If you are overweight, this can increase your risk of osteoarthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect your feet and it is an autoimmune condition. It can range from discomfort to severe debilitating pain. It typically occurs in the same joint on both sides of the body. The body’s immune system attacks the synovium of the joints resulting in inflammation. This leads to bone and cartilage damage, which can leave you in pain. Unfortunately, it is not known what causes rheumatoid arthritis.


Gout is a type of arthritis that happens when there is too much uric acid in the body. The uric acid gathers in the joints and crystalizes this typically results in pain and inflammation. Gout usually will attack the big toes joints. It ranges from extremely painful to mild aching symptoms

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a long-term condition and it can cause joints to become swollen and stiff. Often, this is an accompanying condition to psoriasis, which is a skin condition. You will hear this type of arthritis referred to as an autoimmune disease.

Post-traumatic Arthritis

If you have once injured your foot, this can develop into posttraumatic arthritis. When the joint surface is damaged, such as with fractures, you may start to feel discomfort and stiffness.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

While it is less common, ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that can cause a lot of discomfort and reduced mobility. You may also hear it referred to as Bechterew disease. While the cause is not known, it may start to affect the feet after other parts of the body suffer.

What are the Symptoms of Arthritis of the Foot?

When you have arthritis of the foot, you are going to be aware of the symptoms. Often, this condition presents itself with discomfort and stiffness. This can occur with motion and particularly after extensive activity and exercise. In addition, people with arthritis often say that the discomfort can be worse in the morning and after resting. Your joints can be very painful and become warm to touch. The skin can also be red with visible swelling. Your mobility can be affected when you have arthritis of the foot.

What is the Treatment for Arthritis of the Foot?

It is important to realize that there is no treatment that is going to cure arthritis of the foot. But there are some options that are going to minimize the discomfort you are feeling and improve your mobility. There are tools your Chiropodist has to help prevent the arthritis from getting worse. The first step is visiting the chiropodist. They are able to examine your feet and diagnose arthritis and recommend the best treatment for you.

For example, your Chiropodist can provide you with orthotics and splints that can help with arthritis. These devices can offer support and cushioning, as well as realign the foot. Together, this can improve mobility and might reduce pain. Your Chiropodist can also make recommendations when it comes to footwear. Wearing the right shoes can help to decrease symptoms of arthritis.

There are a number of possible treatments your Chiropodist will consider when considering what is best for your feet and ankles.



A viral infection of the skin caused by HPV. These bumpy growths might seem like a harmless change in the skin's surface, but there is more to it. Warts are a viral infection of the skin caused by HPV and it’s essential to know what can be done for your warts. What...

Varicose Veins

Distended or tortuous veins in the lower leg. Varicose veins impact the lives of 3.7 million Canadians. This common condition affects twice as many women, and for many, it’s an inherited trait. You may notice bulging veins or bluish strings of veins running beneath...


Inflammation of one of the small seasamoid bones situated under the big toe joint. Never heard of sesamoid bones or sesamoiditis? You’re not alone. Many people don’t know what sesamoid bones are or how they differ from regular bones.  What are Sesamoid Bones?...

Plantar Fasciitis

A condition where the plantar fascia becomes inflamed and painful. Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common foot-related diagnoses in Canada, causing heel pain in as many as 7% of people. While the initial discomfort associated with plantar fasciitis may not seem...


Custom made foot orthotics. Our feet are the foundation of our being. Surprisingly, most people ignore their feet until something starts to bother them. Only at time time, do people start to appreciate their feet, and what they do for them. Fortunately, there are many...


A term used to describe pain in the area of the ball of the foot. It’s common for your feet to hurt after you’ve been on them all day. This is particularly true if you aren’t used to standing for hours at a time. However, there’s a difference between aching feet that...

Ingrown Toenails

Is one of your toenails causing you pain when you walk? Have you noticed that part of your nail is beginning to pierce the skin, maybe some redness in the area? While it is common to ignore minor problems like this, you may have an ingrown toenail that could...

Heel Pain

Do you have an uncomfortable ache in your heel after a long day? Are you unable to exercise due to heel pain? If you are experiencing unpleasant symptoms, it is best to seek treatment for heel pain. While some aches can go away on their own, lingering heel pain need...

Fungal Nails

A fungal infection that affects the a portion or all of the nail plate. How to Tell if You Have Fungal Nails People generally believe that they don't carry fungus and bacteria on their bodies just because they practice good hygiene. Fungus and bacteria are part of the...


A bump on the side of the large toe due to its deviation inwards. Bunions affect approximately 23 percent of people between the ages of 18 and 65 and 36 percent of those over the age of 65. If you suffer from bunions, you’re definitely not alone. You may have...

Forefoot or Digital Deformities

Hammer toes, claw toes and mallet toes are forms of lesser toe deformity. Generally, lesser toe deformity affects the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th toes. Symptomatic digital deformities can be most often treated using conservative means. However, surgical intervention can be...

Flat Feet

Flat feet, or fallen arches is a common deformity where there is collapse in the arch of the foot. This can result in the arch of the foot nearly touching or completely contacting the ground. This deformity can occur solely in one foot or can occur in both feet. Flat...

Corns & Callus

The Difference Between a Callus and a Corn First off, you should understand the difference between a callus and a corn. They are similar conditions, as they are both the result of thickening skin but can be ease to confuse one another. Corns are typically smaller than...

Diseases of The Nails

Have you ever noticed that one or many of your toenails seem different? Have you noticed thickening of the nail, detachment from the nail plate, pitting or riding in the nail(s), maybe discolouration? Changes in nails appearance can be due to many factors such as:...

Diabetes & Foot Problem

Having diabetes puts one at greater risk of developing foot problems, such as foot ulcer and infections and at the worst could lead to amputation. Why? Raised blood glucose (blood sugar) can damage the nerves/sensation in one’s feet. It can also affect the blood flow...

Compression Stockings

What Are Compression Stockings? Compression stocking are a medical treatment you can wear. They are part of the core treatment for venous and lymphatic disorders and diseases. Graduated compression therapy is the application of external pressure applied to the limb to...

Orthopaedic Footwear

Orthopedic shoes are designed to support the foot and accommodate specific foot abnormalities, such as bunions, hammertoes, wide fitting feet etc. Orthopedic footwear can be categorized in 2 various types : Off-the-shelf (ready to wear) and custom. Custom Orthopaedic...

Foot Ankle Orthoses (AFO)

AFO are slightly more complex than a typical foot orthotic as they support both the foot and ankle. AFOs provide support and assistance, and allow a patient to move through the various stages of gait. They provide support and stabilization at the ankle to allow more...